Reducing behavioral health symptoms by addressing minority stressors in LGBTQ adolescents: a randomized controlled trial of Proud & Empowered

Jeremy T. Goldbach, Harmony Rhoades, Mary Rose Mamey, John Senese, Peter Karys, Flavio F. Marsiglia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Minority stress may lead to poorer mental health for sexual and gender minority adolescents, yet no interventions have been tested through an RCT to address these concerns. Methods: We report on an RCT of an intervention—Proud & Empowered—with four high schools. Measures assess the intervention’s impact on mental health symptoms. Results: Compared to the control, participants in the treatment condition reported significant differences in minority stress, anxiety, and depressive symptoms. Moderation analyses showed that the intervention significantly moderated the relationship between minority stress and PTSD (b = -1.28, p =.032), depression (b = -0.79, p =.023), and suicidality (b = 0.14, p =.012) symptoms; those in the intervention condition had mitigated relationships between measures of stress and health outcomes compared to those in the control condition. Conclusions: Results suggest that Proud & Empowered help reduce mental health symptoms and exposure to minority stressors and build coping strategies. Trial Registration: The intervention was registered on clinicaltrials.gov on August 1, 2019 under Trial #NCT04041414.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2315
JournalBMC public health
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Intervention
  • LGBT
  • Mental health
  • Randomized controlled trial

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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