Reduced ethanol withdrawal severity and altered withdrawal-induced c-fos expression in various brain regions of mice lacking protein kinase C-epsilon

M. F. Olive, K. K. Mehmert, M. A. Nannini, R. Camarini, R. O. Messing, C. W. Hodge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

Withdrawal from chronic ethanol consumption can be accompanied by motor seizures, which may be a result of altered GABAA receptor function. Recently, we have generated and characterized mice lacking the epsilon isoform of protein kinase C as being supersensitive to the behavioral and biochemical effects of positive GABAA receptor allosteric modulators, including ethanol. The aim of the present study was to determine whether protein kinase C-epsilon null mutant mice display altered seizure severity during alcohol withdrawal. In addition, we used c-fos immunohistochemistry immediately following seizure assessment to identify potential brain regions involved in any observed differences in withdrawal severity. Mice were allowed to consume an ethanol-containing or control liquid diet as the sole source of food for 14 days. During the 7-h period following removal of the diet, both ethanol-fed wild-type and protein kinase C-epsilon null mutant mice displayed an overall increase in Handling-Induced Convulsion score versus control-fed mice. However, at 6 and 7 h following diet removal, the Handling-Induced Convulsion score was reduced in ethanol-fed protein kinase C-epsilon null mutant mice compared to ethanol-fed wild-type mice. Ethanol-fed protein kinase C-epsilon null mutant mice also exhibited a decrease in the number of Fos-positive cells in the lateral septum, and an increase in the number of Fos-positive cells in the dentate gyrus, mediodorsal thalamus, paraventricular nuclei of the thalamus and hypothalamus, and substantia nigra compared to ethanol-fed wild-type mice. These data demonstrate that deletion of protein kinase C-epsilon results in diminished progression of ethanol withdrawal-associated seizure severity, suggesting that selective pharmacological inhibitors of protein kinase C-epsilon may be useful in the treatment of seizures during alcohol withdrawal. These data also provide insight into potential brain regions involved in generation or suppression of ethanol withdrawal seizures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)171-179
Number of pages9
JournalNeuroscience
Volume103
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 28 2001
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • GABA
  • Handling-Induced Convulsion
  • Immediate-early gene
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Liquid diet
  • Seizure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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