A discussion is presented of a study that was initiated in 1984 to develop specification guidelines and mix design recommendations and to obtain long-term performance data on cold-mix recycling for low-volume roads in Ohio. Future investment planning motivated the Ohio Department of Transportation to consider cold-mix recycling of low-volume roads as a maintenance alternative. Two mainline low-volume roads were selected for this study. The documentation and evaluation of the project are discussed in two parts. The first part includes the site selection criteria, preconstruction evaluation, mix designs, construction specifications, and construction monitoring. The second part includes a discussion of the performance evaluation through field inspection, data collection, and laboratory evaluation of material properties.