Abstract

Fuel cells are devices capable of producing both energy and clean water. Here the concept of using hydrogen as a carrier of water and energy is explored by studying the quality of water produced by two modern commercial fuel cells, a 1 kW residential-scale polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) and a larger 300 kW molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC). The results show that water produced by the PEMFC meets nearly all US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) and World Health Organization (WHO) drinking water requirements. Nickel and aluminum concentrations present in the MCFC water as well as pipe material corrosion products (nickel, aluminum and manganese) found in water from both systems are easily controlled. Without using any additional condensing system, it is possible to recover approximately 8% of the theoretical amount of water generated by the fuel cell. The amount of water produced by the PEMFC is sufficient to satisfy drinking water needs in a typical American household if a recovery efficiency of 40% is reached.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4022-4028
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume36
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2011

Fingerprint

fuel cells
Fuel cells
recovery
Recovery
water
Water
Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
Molten carbonate fuel cells (MCFC)
molten carbonate fuel cells
drinking
Potable water
electrolytes
membranes
Nickel
Aluminum
polymers
nickel
Environmental Protection Agency
aluminum
condensing

Keywords

  • Drinking water
  • Energy
  • Fluoride
  • Hydrogen
  • Nickel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

Recovery and quality of water produced by commercial fuel cells. / Tibaquirá, Juan E.; Hristovski, Kiril; Westerhoff, Paul; Posner, Jonathan D.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 36, No. 6, 03.2011, p. 4022-4028.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{cfda5c8227a64a02b26631419daa8a70,
title = "Recovery and quality of water produced by commercial fuel cells",
abstract = "Fuel cells are devices capable of producing both energy and clean water. Here the concept of using hydrogen as a carrier of water and energy is explored by studying the quality of water produced by two modern commercial fuel cells, a 1 kW residential-scale polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) and a larger 300 kW molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC). The results show that water produced by the PEMFC meets nearly all US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) and World Health Organization (WHO) drinking water requirements. Nickel and aluminum concentrations present in the MCFC water as well as pipe material corrosion products (nickel, aluminum and manganese) found in water from both systems are easily controlled. Without using any additional condensing system, it is possible to recover approximately 8{\%} of the theoretical amount of water generated by the fuel cell. The amount of water produced by the PEMFC is sufficient to satisfy drinking water needs in a typical American household if a recovery efficiency of 40{\%} is reached.",
keywords = "Drinking water, Energy, Fluoride, Hydrogen, Nickel",
author = "Tibaquir{\'a}, {Juan E.} and Kiril Hristovski and Paul Westerhoff and Posner, {Jonathan D.}",
year = "2011",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1016/j.ijhydene.2010.12.072",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "36",
pages = "4022--4028",
journal = "International Journal of Hydrogen Energy",
issn = "0360-3199",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Recovery and quality of water produced by commercial fuel cells

AU - Tibaquirá, Juan E.

AU - Hristovski, Kiril

AU - Westerhoff, Paul

AU - Posner, Jonathan D.

PY - 2011/3

Y1 - 2011/3

N2 - Fuel cells are devices capable of producing both energy and clean water. Here the concept of using hydrogen as a carrier of water and energy is explored by studying the quality of water produced by two modern commercial fuel cells, a 1 kW residential-scale polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) and a larger 300 kW molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC). The results show that water produced by the PEMFC meets nearly all US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) and World Health Organization (WHO) drinking water requirements. Nickel and aluminum concentrations present in the MCFC water as well as pipe material corrosion products (nickel, aluminum and manganese) found in water from both systems are easily controlled. Without using any additional condensing system, it is possible to recover approximately 8% of the theoretical amount of water generated by the fuel cell. The amount of water produced by the PEMFC is sufficient to satisfy drinking water needs in a typical American household if a recovery efficiency of 40% is reached.

AB - Fuel cells are devices capable of producing both energy and clean water. Here the concept of using hydrogen as a carrier of water and energy is explored by studying the quality of water produced by two modern commercial fuel cells, a 1 kW residential-scale polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) and a larger 300 kW molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC). The results show that water produced by the PEMFC meets nearly all US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) and World Health Organization (WHO) drinking water requirements. Nickel and aluminum concentrations present in the MCFC water as well as pipe material corrosion products (nickel, aluminum and manganese) found in water from both systems are easily controlled. Without using any additional condensing system, it is possible to recover approximately 8% of the theoretical amount of water generated by the fuel cell. The amount of water produced by the PEMFC is sufficient to satisfy drinking water needs in a typical American household if a recovery efficiency of 40% is reached.

KW - Drinking water

KW - Energy

KW - Fluoride

KW - Hydrogen

KW - Nickel

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79952454874&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79952454874&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2010.12.072

DO - 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2010.12.072

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:79952454874

VL - 36

SP - 4022

EP - 4028

JO - International Journal of Hydrogen Energy

JF - International Journal of Hydrogen Energy

SN - 0360-3199

IS - 6

ER -