Reconnaissance survey for palaeolithic sites in the Debed River Valley, Northern Armenia

Charles P. Egeland, Boris Gasparian, Dmitri Arakelyan, Christopher M. Nicholson, Artur Petrosyan, Robert Ghukasyan, Ryan Byerly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The southern Caucasus is a critical region for those interested in Palaeolithic research because of its varied topography and location at the crossroads of Europe, Africa, and Asia. Modern Armenia sits at the heart of this area, but has until now played a small role in broader debates, largely because of its paucity of wellexcavated and well-dated sites. To improve this situation, a survey was conducted for Palaeolithic sites along the valley of the Debed River (Lori Depression, northeastern Armenia). Twenty-three open-air sites, spanning the Lower through the Upper Palaeolithic periods, were identified. Most of the lithic material is of Middle Palaeolithic manufacture. Upper Palaeolithic material is also well represented, but only a handful of Lower Palaeolithic artifacts have been identified. Test excavations at several sites suggest that they preserve in situ deposits that may help us to understand the role of the southern Caucasus in the Palaeolithic occupation of Eurasia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)370-386
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Field Archaeology
Volume39
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Armenia
  • Lori depression
  • Palaeolithic
  • Southern caucasus
  • Survey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archaeology
  • Archaeology

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