Variation in recombination rates across chromosomes has been shown to be a primary force shaping the architecture of genome divergence. In archaea, little is known about variation in recombination across the chromosome or how it shapes genome evolution. We identified significant variations in polymorphism occurring across the chromosomes of ten closely related sympatric strains of the thermoacidophilic archaeon Sulfolobus islandicus. Statistical analyses show that recombination varies across the genome and interacts with selection to define large genomic regions with reduced polymorphism, particularly in the regions surrounding the three origins of replication. Our findings demonstrate how recombination defines the mosaic of variation in this asexually reproducing microorganism and provide insight into the evolutionary origins of genome architecture in this organism from the Archaeal domain.
- Sulfolobus islandicus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics