Recombination processes in passivated boron-implanted black silicon emitters

Guillaume Von Gastrow, Pablo Ortega, Ramon Alcubilla, Sebastian Husein, Tara Nietzold, Mariana Bertoni, Hele Savin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

In this paper, we study the recombination mechanisms in ion-implanted black silicon (bSi) emitters and discuss their advantages over diffused emitters. In the case of diffusion, the large bSi surface area increases emitter doping and consequently Auger recombination compared to a planar surface. The total doping dose is on the contrary independent of the surface area in implanted emitters, and as a result, we show that ion implantation allows control of emitter doping without compromise in the surface aspect ratio. The possibility to control surface doping via implantation anneal becomes highly advantageous in bSi emitters, where surface passivation becomes critical due to the increased surface area. We extract fundamental surface recombination velocities Sn through numerical simulations and obtain the lowest values at the highest anneal temperatures. With these conditions, an excellent emitter saturation current (J0e) is obtained in implanted bSi emitters, reaching 20 fA/cm2 ± 5 fA/cm2 at a sheet resistance of 170 Ω/sq. Finally, we identify the different regimes of recombination in planar and bSi emitters as a function of implantation anneal temperature. Based on experimental data and numerical simulations, we show that surface recombination can be reduced to a negligible contribution in implanted bSi emitters, which explains the low J0e obtained.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number185706
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume121
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - May 14 2017

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emitters
boron
silicon
implantation
control surfaces
data simulation
passivity
ion implantation
aspect ratio
simulation
saturation
dosage
ions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Von Gastrow, G., Ortega, P., Alcubilla, R., Husein, S., Nietzold, T., Bertoni, M., & Savin, H. (2017). Recombination processes in passivated boron-implanted black silicon emitters. Journal of Applied Physics, 121(18), [185706]. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4983297

Recombination processes in passivated boron-implanted black silicon emitters. / Von Gastrow, Guillaume; Ortega, Pablo; Alcubilla, Ramon; Husein, Sebastian; Nietzold, Tara; Bertoni, Mariana; Savin, Hele.

In: Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 121, No. 18, 185706, 14.05.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Von Gastrow, G, Ortega, P, Alcubilla, R, Husein, S, Nietzold, T, Bertoni, M & Savin, H 2017, 'Recombination processes in passivated boron-implanted black silicon emitters', Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 121, no. 18, 185706. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4983297
Von Gastrow G, Ortega P, Alcubilla R, Husein S, Nietzold T, Bertoni M et al. Recombination processes in passivated boron-implanted black silicon emitters. Journal of Applied Physics. 2017 May 14;121(18). 185706. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4983297
Von Gastrow, Guillaume ; Ortega, Pablo ; Alcubilla, Ramon ; Husein, Sebastian ; Nietzold, Tara ; Bertoni, Mariana ; Savin, Hele. / Recombination processes in passivated boron-implanted black silicon emitters. In: Journal of Applied Physics. 2017 ; Vol. 121, No. 18.
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