Recent advances in the synthesis and structure-property relationships of ammonium ionenes

Sharlene R. Williams, Timothy E. Long

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

89 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ionenes are ion-containing polymers that have quaternary nitrogen atoms in the macromolecular main chain as opposed to a pendant site. They are synthesized through a Menshutkin reaction of ditertiary amines and alkyl dihalides. This review focuses on the synthesis and structure-property relationships of ammonium ionenes, which were first synthesized in 1933. Since then, many researchers have investigated the effect of charge density of novel ionene families on polymer properties, such as viscosity and dynamic mechanical behavior. In particular, emphasis is placed on the properties of non-segmented and segmented ionene polymers. Although this investigation focuses largely on linear ionenes, branched and cross-linked ionenes will also be discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)762-782
Number of pages21
JournalProgress in Polymer Science
Volume34
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Charge density
  • Coulombic interactions
  • Ionenes
  • Mechanical properties
  • Polyelectrolytes
  • Structure-property relationships

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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