Real-time imaging of density ducts between the plasmasphere and ionosphere

Shyeh Tjing Loi, Tara Murphy, Iver H. Cairns, Frederick W. Menk, Colin L. Waters, Philip J. Erickson, Cathryn M. Trott, Natasha Hurley-Walker, John Morgan, Emil Lenc, André R. Offringa, Martin E. Bell, Ronald D. Ekers, B. M. Gaensler, Colin J. Lonsdale, Lu Feng, Paul J. Hancock, David L. Kaplan, G. Bernardi, Judd BowmanF. Briggs, R. J. Cappallo, A. A. Deshpande, L. J. Greenhill, B. J. Hazelton, M. Johnston-Hollitt, S. R. McWhirter, D. A. Mitchell, M. F. Morales, E. Morgan, D. Oberoi, S. M. Ord, T. Prabu, N. Udaya Shankar, K. S. Srivani, R. Subrahmanyan, S. J. Tingay, R. B. Wayth, R. L. Webster, A. Williams, C. L. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ionization of the Earth's atmosphere by sunlight forms a complex, multilayered plasma environment within the Earth's magnetosphere, the innermost layers being the ionosphere and plasmasphere. The plasmasphere is believed to be embedded with cylindrical density structures (ducts) aligned along the Earth's magnetic field, but direct evidence for these remains scarce. Here we report the first direct wide-angle observation of an extensive array of field-aligned ducts bridging the upper ionosphere and inner plasmasphere, using a novel ground-based imaging technique. We establish their heights and motions by feature tracking and parallax analysis. The structures are strikingly organized, appearing as regularly spaced, alternating tubes of overdensities and underdensities strongly aligned with the Earth's magnetic field. These findings represent the first direct visual evidence for the existence of such structures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3707-3714
Number of pages8
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume42
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 28 2015

Keywords

  • Murchison Widefield Array
  • field aligned
  • ionosphere
  • radio telescope
  • whistler duct

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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    Loi, S. T., Murphy, T., Cairns, I. H., Menk, F. W., Waters, C. L., Erickson, P. J., Trott, C. M., Hurley-Walker, N., Morgan, J., Lenc, E., Offringa, A. R., Bell, M. E., Ekers, R. D., Gaensler, B. M., Lonsdale, C. J., Feng, L., Hancock, P. J., Kaplan, D. L., Bernardi, G., ... Williams, C. L. (2015). Real-time imaging of density ducts between the plasmasphere and ionosphere. Geophysical Research Letters, 42(10), 3707-3714. https://doi.org/10.1002/2015GL063699