Abstract

Wireless sensor networks (WSN) have recently gained popularity in distributed monitoring and surveillance applications. The objective of these devices is to extract pertinent information under several constrains such as low computational capabilities, limited arithmetic precision, and the need to conserve power. One of the most revealing environmental cues is audio. In this paper, we propose a voice activity detector and a simple gender classifier for use in a distributed acoustic sensing system. This algorithm makes use of low-complexity audio features and a pre-trained regression tree to classify incoming speech by gender. The algorithm is implemented real-time on the Crossbow sensor motes and a series of results are given that characterize the algorithm performance and complexity. Challenges in this real-time implementation include designing the algorithm and software architecture such that the signal processing is appropriately distributed between the sensor mote and the base station. At the base station, a data fusion algorithm considers a linear combination of individual mote decisions to form a final decision.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationISCAS 2006
Subtitle of host publication2006 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Proceedings
Pages847-850
Number of pages4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2006
EventISCAS 2006: 2006 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems - Kos, Greece
Duration: May 21 2006May 24 2006

Publication series

NameProceedings - IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems
ISSN (Print)0271-4310

Other

OtherISCAS 2006: 2006 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems
CountryGreece
CityKos
Period5/21/065/24/06

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Berisha, V., Kwon, H., & Spanias, A. (2006). Real-time acoustic monitoring using wireless sensor motes. In ISCAS 2006: 2006 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Proceedings (pp. 847-850). [1692718] (Proceedings - IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems).