Eight Salmonella enterica serovar Paratyphi A strains were screened as candidates to create a live attenuated paratyphoid vaccine. Based on biochemical and phenotypic criteria, four strains, RKS2900, MGN9772, MGN9773 and MGN9779, were selected as progenitors for the construction of ΔphoPQ mutant derivatives. All strains were evaluated in vitro for auxotrophic phenotypes and sensitivity to deoxycholate and polymyxin B. All ΔphoPQ mutants were more sensitive to deoxycholate and polymyxin B than their wild-type progenitors, however MGN10028, MGN10044 and MGN10048, required exogenous purine for optimal growth. Purine requiring strains had acquired point mutations in purB during strain construction. All four mutants were evaluated for reactogenicity and immunogenicity in an oral rabbit model. Three strains were reactogenic in a dose-dependent manner, while one strain, MGN10028, was well-tolerated at all doses administered. All ΔphoPQ strains were immunogenic following a single oral dose. The in vitro profile coupled with the favorable reactogenicity and immunogenicity profiles render MGN10028 a suitable live attenuated Paratyphi A vaccine candidate.
- Live Salmonella vaccine
- Rabbit model
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Infectious Diseases