Rapidly reversible redox transformation in nanophase manganese oxides at room temperature triggered by changes in hydration

Nancy Birkner, Alexandra Navrotsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Chemisorption of water onto anhydrous nanophase manganese oxide surfaces promotes rapidly reversible redox phase changes as confirmed by calorimetry, X-ray diffraction, and titration for manganese average oxidation state. Surface reduction of bixbyite (Mn23) to hausmannite (Mn 34) occurs in nanoparticles under conditions where no such reactions are seen or expected on grounds of bulk thermodynamics in coarse-grained materials. Additionally, transformation does not occur on nanosurfaces passivated by at least 2% coverage of what is likely an amorphous manganese oxide layer. The transformation is due to thermodynamic control arising from differences in surface energies of the two phases (Mn2O3 and Mn34) under wet and dry conditions. Such reversible and rapid transformation near room temperature may affect the behavior of manganese oxides in technological applications and in geologic and environmental settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6209-6214
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume111
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 29 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Oxidation/reduction
  • Phase transformation
  • Water adsorption/desorption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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