Raman spectroscopic and optical absorption study of the high pressure behaviour and polymorphism in KO2

R. C. Hansont, S. J. Demoor, A. C. Hess, George Wolf, P. F. Mcmillan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Raman scattering, visible absorption, and optical observation studies have been made on polycrystalline potassium superoxide (KO2) in a diamond anvil cell as a function of pressure and temperature. Three new phases are observed. With increasing pressure at 298 K, KO2 transforms from the well known modified CaC2, structure (Phase II), to two new phases (VII, and VIII). The transformation from II to VII occurs at about 3.2GPa. Phase VII transforms to phase VIII at about 4.4GPa. However, in some samples phase VII does not occur and phase II transforms directly into phase VIII at about 4.2 GPa. These structural transformations are indicated by marked changes in the Raman spectrum. The transitions out of phase II are also marked by a discontinuous red shift in the optical absorption edge. From optical observations we have also determined the pressure and temperature dependence of the transitions from phase II to the high temperature cubic (Bl) phase I as well as from the high pressure phases VII and VIII to a new nonbirefringent phase IX. This new phase IX has the cubic B2 (CsCl) structure as is shown by our recent X-ray synchrotron experiments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)201-217
Number of pages17
JournalHigh Pressure Research
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993

Keywords

  • high pressure
  • optical properties
  • Phase transitions
  • potassium superoxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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