Radionuclide dispersion from forest fires

O. Pimenov, E. E. Michaelides, David Sailor, R. Seffal, G. A. Sharovarov

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Following the Chernobyl nuclear plant accident a great deal of radionuclides has been deposited in the soils of eastern Europe. A large proportion of the radionuclides have been deposited in the upper layer of the soil or have been absorbed by uptake in the plants of the area. During forest fires or other environmental disasters small particles from the soil or plants become airborne. The radionuclides which are attached to the airborne particles are thus carried in the atmosphere and transported to other areas. In this manuscript we examine the dispersion of small particles from a thermal plume. The governing equations of the plume are solved numerically to yield the temperature and velocity fields in the vicinity of the plume source. A Monte Carlo method is used for the calculation of particle dispersion. Particle trajectories in the plume are computed until either the particles elevate up to 500 m from the surface or are deposited on the horizontal ground surface. Hence, the redistribution of the radionuclides in the region is determined by statistical methods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGas-Particle Flows
EditorsD.E. Stock, Y. Tsuji, M.W. Reeks, E.E. Michaelides, M. Gautam
PublisherASME
Pages155-160
Number of pages6
Volume228
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 1995 ASME/JSME Fluids Engineering and Laser Anemometry Conference and Exhibition - Hilton Head, SC, USA
Duration: Aug 13 1995Aug 18 1995

Other

OtherProceedings of the 1995 ASME/JSME Fluids Engineering and Laser Anemometry Conference and Exhibition
CityHilton Head, SC, USA
Period8/13/958/18/95

Fingerprint

Radioisotopes
Fires
Soils
Thermal plumes
Disasters
Statistical methods
Accidents
Monte Carlo methods
Trajectories
Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Pimenov, O., Michaelides, E. E., Sailor, D., Seffal, R., & Sharovarov, G. A. (1995). Radionuclide dispersion from forest fires. In D. E. Stock, Y. Tsuji, M. W. Reeks, E. E. Michaelides, & M. Gautam (Eds.), Gas-Particle Flows (Vol. 228, pp. 155-160). ASME.

Radionuclide dispersion from forest fires. / Pimenov, O.; Michaelides, E. E.; Sailor, David; Seffal, R.; Sharovarov, G. A.

Gas-Particle Flows. ed. / D.E. Stock; Y. Tsuji; M.W. Reeks; E.E. Michaelides; M. Gautam. Vol. 228 ASME, 1995. p. 155-160.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Pimenov, O, Michaelides, EE, Sailor, D, Seffal, R & Sharovarov, GA 1995, Radionuclide dispersion from forest fires. in DE Stock, Y Tsuji, MW Reeks, EE Michaelides & M Gautam (eds), Gas-Particle Flows. vol. 228, ASME, pp. 155-160, Proceedings of the 1995 ASME/JSME Fluids Engineering and Laser Anemometry Conference and Exhibition, Hilton Head, SC, USA, 8/13/95.
Pimenov O, Michaelides EE, Sailor D, Seffal R, Sharovarov GA. Radionuclide dispersion from forest fires. In Stock DE, Tsuji Y, Reeks MW, Michaelides EE, Gautam M, editors, Gas-Particle Flows. Vol. 228. ASME. 1995. p. 155-160
Pimenov, O. ; Michaelides, E. E. ; Sailor, David ; Seffal, R. ; Sharovarov, G. A. / Radionuclide dispersion from forest fires. Gas-Particle Flows. editor / D.E. Stock ; Y. Tsuji ; M.W. Reeks ; E.E. Michaelides ; M. Gautam. Vol. 228 ASME, 1995. pp. 155-160
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