Racial discrimination and racial socialization as predictors of African American adolescents' racial identity development using latent transition analysis

Eleanor K. Seaton, Tiffany Yip, Antonio Morgan-Lopez, Robert M. Sellers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study examined perceptions of racial discrimination and racial socialization on racial identity development among 566 African American adolescents over 3 years. Latent class analyses were used to estimate identity statuses (Diffuse, Foreclosed, Moratorium, and Achieved). The probabilities of transitioning from one stage to another were examined with latent transition analyses to determine the likelihood of youth progressing, regressing, or remaining constant. Racial socialization and perceptions of racial discrimination were examined as covariates to assess the association with changes in racial identity status. The results indicated that perceptions of racial discrimination were not linked to any changes in racial identity. Youth who reported higher levels of racial socialization were less likely to be in Diffuse or Foreclosed compared with the Achieved group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)448-458
Number of pages11
JournalDevelopmental psychology
Volume48
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2012

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • African Americans/blacks
  • Racial discrimination
  • Racial identity
  • Racial socialization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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