Racial and Ethnic Differences in Risk and Protective Factors Associated with Youth Violence

James Herbert Williams, Charlotte Lyn Bright, Granger Petersen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

5 Scopus citations


While researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and service providers ask increasingly for solutions to the enduring problems of youth violence, key issues have gone unaddressed. For example, questions remain about the disparity in the prevalence of violence for African American adolescents. It is unclear whether risk and protective factors for violent behavior differ for youth of color as compared to White youth, although several theories suggest that African American youth may be socialized differently to the use and outcomes of violence. To the extent that differences in violence and associated variables are understood, researchers and practitioners will be positioned to more fully meet the needs of particularly vulnerable and marginalized groups. The purpose of Chapter 3 is to distill key race differences in violence, as well as the many risk and protective factors found in the literature. Theories that position race in the etiology of violence are reviewed. The chapter examines race and ethnic differences in the prevalence of violence as well as group variation in risk and protective factors for violence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationViolence in Context
Subtitle of host publicationCurrent Evidence on Risk, Protection, and Prevention
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780199865215
ISBN (Print)9780195369595
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • African american youth
  • Disparities
  • Juvenile justice
  • Race and ethnic differences in violence
  • Risk and protective factors
  • Theory
  • Violence and violent offending
  • Youth of color

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)


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