Race/ethnicity, social class, and leisure-time physical inactivity

Simon J. Marshall, Deborah A. Jones, Barbara Ainsworth, Jared P. Reis, Susan S. Levy, Caroline A. Macera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

196 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to determine 1) prevalence of leisure-time physical inactivity in a nationally representative sample of non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, and Hispanic men and women; 2) prevalence of leisure-time inactivity by racial/ethnic group across social class indicators; and 3) the relationship between leisure-time inactivity and occupational physical activity, independent of other social class indicators. METHODS: The National Physical Activity and Weight Loss Survey was a telephone survey of noninstitutionalized U.S. adults (4695 men, 6516 women) conducted by random digit dialing between September and December 2002. Self-reported physical activity was assessed using questions from the 2001 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Respondents who reported no moderate- or vigorous-intensity physical activity during leisure time in a usual week were classified as inactive. Indicators of social class were education, family income, employment status, and marital status. RESULTS: Age-adjusted prevalence of leisure-time inactivity was 9.9% ± 0.6 SE (standard error) and 12.0 ± 0.6 for white men and women, respectively; 19.0 ± 2.5 and 25.2 ± 2.1 for non-Hispanic black men and women, and 20.9 ± 2.1 and 27.3 ± 2.5 for Hispanic men and women. Within each racial/ethnic group, prevalence of leisure-time inactivity was highest among participants of lower social class. Differences in inactivity by racial/ethnic group were less evident after adjustment for social class. Odds of inactivity were similar across quartiles of occupational physical activity after adjustment for age, sex, and social class. CONCLUSIONS: Non-Hispanic blacks and Hispanics were more inactive during their leisure time than were non-Hispanic whites. Social class but not occupational physical activity seems to moderate the relationship between race/ethnicity and leisure-time physical inactivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)44-51
Number of pages8
JournalMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Leisure Activities
Social Class
Exercise
Hispanic Americans
Ethnic Groups
Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
Marital Status
Telephone
Weight Loss
Education

Keywords

  • Physical activity
  • Sedentary behavior
  • Self-report
  • Socioeconomic status
  • Surveillance surveys

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Marshall, S. J., Jones, D. A., Ainsworth, B., Reis, J. P., Levy, S. S., & Macera, C. A. (2007). Race/ethnicity, social class, and leisure-time physical inactivity. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 39(1), 44-51. https://doi.org/10.1249/01.mss.0000239401.16381.37

Race/ethnicity, social class, and leisure-time physical inactivity. / Marshall, Simon J.; Jones, Deborah A.; Ainsworth, Barbara; Reis, Jared P.; Levy, Susan S.; Macera, Caroline A.

In: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, Vol. 39, No. 1, 01.2007, p. 44-51.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Marshall, SJ, Jones, DA, Ainsworth, B, Reis, JP, Levy, SS & Macera, CA 2007, 'Race/ethnicity, social class, and leisure-time physical inactivity', Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 44-51. https://doi.org/10.1249/01.mss.0000239401.16381.37
Marshall, Simon J. ; Jones, Deborah A. ; Ainsworth, Barbara ; Reis, Jared P. ; Levy, Susan S. ; Macera, Caroline A. / Race/ethnicity, social class, and leisure-time physical inactivity. In: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2007 ; Vol. 39, No. 1. pp. 44-51.
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