Race Effects in Performance Evaluations: Controlling for Ability, Education, and Experience

David Waldman, Bruce J. Avolio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Scopus citations


This study examined the effects of ratee and rater race (Black or White) on performance evaluations of 21,547 individuals employed in 10 occupational categories. Hierarchical regression analyses produced a significant main effect attributable to ratee race, although the magnitude of this effect varied across occupational types. There was no evidence of a same-race (rater-ratee) interaction effect, and race of the rater and ratee accounted for little variance in performance evaluations after individual differences in ability and length of experience were controlled. It is recommended that researchers examine the qualitative experiences of White and Black employees to determine what may account for differences in these groups' performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)897-901
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1991
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

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