We have grown n-channel Si:SiGe quantum wells using gas source molecular beam epitaxy. The two-dimensional electron gas confined in the strained Si quantum well is weakly disordered and displays quantum interference in the form of a pronounced, low-field negative magnetoresistance. By fitting the data to the standard theory of weak localization, in the temperature range 50 mK to 6 K, we have been able to extract the product Nv alpha and the electron phase coherence length Lphi. Our results give a value for the product Nv alpha in the range 0.6+or-0.12, which is close to that expected for strong intervalley scattering and is similar to values obtained in Si MOSFETs. We show a power law dependence of Lphi with temperature, i.e. Lphi varies as T-p2/. For T>0.7 K the value of the exponent p/2=0.75 which suggests that the dominant dephasing mechanism is electron-phonon scattering as observed in Si MOSFETs. However, for lower temperatures the variation is less pronounced (p/2=0.15). The weaker temperature dependence may be a precursor to a saturation in the value of Lphi as has recently been observed by other groups.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Materials Chemistry