In these notes, we review the recent theory of quantum hydrodynamic and diffusion models derived from the entropy minimization principle. These models are obtained by taking the moments of a collisional Wigner equation and closing the resulting system of equations by a quantum equilibrium. Such an equilibrium is defined as a minimizer of the quantum entropy subject to local constraints of given moments. We provide a framework to develop this minimization approach and successively apply it to quantum hydrodynamic models and quantum diffusion models. The results of numerical simulations show that these models capture well the various features of quantum transport.