Quantifying electrochemical reactions and properties of amorphous sili-conin a realistic lithium-ion battery configuration

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Despite many existing studies on silicon (Si) anodes for lithium ion batteries (LIBs), many essential questions still exist on compound formation, composition, and properties. Here we show that some previously accepted findings do not truthfully reflect the actual lithiation mechanisms in realistic battery configurations. Furthermore the correlation between structure and mechanical properties in these materials has not been properly established. Here we report a rigorous and thorough study to comprehensively understand the electrochemical reaction mechanisms of amorphous-Si (a-Si) in a realistic LIB configuration. In-depth micro-structural characterization was performed and correlations were established between Li-Si composition, volumetric expansion, and modulus/hardness. We have found that the lithiation process of a-Si in a real battery setup is a single-phase reaction rather than the accepted two-phase reaction obtained from in-situ TEM experiments. The findings in this paper establish a reference to quantitatively explain many key metrics for lithiated a-Si as anodes in real LIBs, and can be used to rationally design a-Si based high-performance LIBs guided by high-fidelity modeling and simulations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages1110-1111
Number of pages2
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
Event14th International Conference on Fracture, ICF 2017 - Rhodes, Greece
Duration: Jun 18 2017Jun 20 2017

Conference

Conference14th International Conference on Fracture, ICF 2017
CountryGreece
CityRhodes
Period6/18/176/20/17

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction

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  • Cite this

    Jiang, H. (2017). Quantifying electrochemical reactions and properties of amorphous sili-conin a realistic lithium-ion battery configuration. 1110-1111. Paper presented at 14th International Conference on Fracture, ICF 2017, Rhodes, Greece.