Quantifiable measures of sustainability

A case study of materials selection for eco-lightweight auto-bodies

Ahmad T. Mayyas, Ala Qattawi, Abdel Mayyas, Mohammed Omar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The authors propose an eco-material selection approach based on a set of quantifiable measures for developing a sustainability model within the context of an automobile structure or Body-In-White (BIW). As the established sustainability model consists of both quantitative and qualitative factors, the qualitative factors were transformed into numerical values prior to performing the materials selection process, aided by the Preference Selection Index (PSI) and Principal Component Analysis (PCA) decision-making/supporting tools. The uniqueness of this study comes from using PCA as a scoring tool which is benchmarked against another scoring tool (PSI); however, both PSI and PCA avoid the bias that typically arises from assigning weights to different design attributes, as it is not necessary to assign a relative importance scheme between candidate materials. In this study, however, the authors detail the potential of this objective selection scheme to balance the technological, economical, societal and ecological constraints in the design of automobile bodies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)177-189
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Volume40
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Principal component analysis
Sustainable development
sustainability
Automobile bodies
principal component analysis
Automobiles
automobile
Decision making
material
Sustainability
decision making
index
Factors
Automobile
Scoring

Keywords

  • Automotive
  • Design for sustainability
  • Lightweight design
  • Material selection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Strategy and Management

Cite this

Quantifiable measures of sustainability : A case study of materials selection for eco-lightweight auto-bodies. / Mayyas, Ahmad T.; Qattawi, Ala; Mayyas, Abdel; Omar, Mohammed.

In: Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 40, 02.2013, p. 177-189.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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