Qualitative Descriptive Methods in Health Science Research

Karen Jiggins Colorafi, Bronwynne Evans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

91 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this methodology paper is to describe an approach to qualitative design known as qualitative descriptive that is well suited to junior health sciences researchers because it can be used with a variety of theoretical approaches, sampling techniques, and data collection strategies. Background: It is often difficult for junior qualitative researchers to pull together the tools and resources they need to embark on a high-quality qualitative research study and to manage the volumes of data they collect during qualitative studies. This paper seeks to pull together much needed resources and provide an overview of methods. Methods: A step-by-step guide to planning a qualitative descriptive study and analyzing the data is provided, utilizing exemplars from the authors’ research. Results: This paper presents steps to conducting a qualitative descriptive study under the following headings: describing the qualitative descriptive approach, designing a qualitative descriptive study, steps to data analysis, and ensuring rigor of findings. Conclusions: The qualitative descriptive approach results in a summary in everyday, factual language that facilitates understanding of a selected phenomenon across disciplines of health science researchers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16-25
Number of pages10
JournalHealth Environments Research and Design Journal
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

Fingerprint

Research Personnel
Health
Research
Qualitative Research
Language

Keywords

  • qualitative analysis
  • qualitative descriptive
  • qualitative design
  • qualitative methodology
  • rigor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Cite this

Qualitative Descriptive Methods in Health Science Research. / Colorafi, Karen Jiggins; Evans, Bronwynne.

In: Health Environments Research and Design Journal, Vol. 9, No. 4, 01.07.2016, p. 16-25.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{73f2263113154a9a9301df7a24114b78,
title = "Qualitative Descriptive Methods in Health Science Research",
abstract = "Objective: The purpose of this methodology paper is to describe an approach to qualitative design known as qualitative descriptive that is well suited to junior health sciences researchers because it can be used with a variety of theoretical approaches, sampling techniques, and data collection strategies. Background: It is often difficult for junior qualitative researchers to pull together the tools and resources they need to embark on a high-quality qualitative research study and to manage the volumes of data they collect during qualitative studies. This paper seeks to pull together much needed resources and provide an overview of methods. Methods: A step-by-step guide to planning a qualitative descriptive study and analyzing the data is provided, utilizing exemplars from the authors’ research. Results: This paper presents steps to conducting a qualitative descriptive study under the following headings: describing the qualitative descriptive approach, designing a qualitative descriptive study, steps to data analysis, and ensuring rigor of findings. Conclusions: The qualitative descriptive approach results in a summary in everyday, factual language that facilitates understanding of a selected phenomenon across disciplines of health science researchers.",
keywords = "qualitative analysis, qualitative descriptive, qualitative design, qualitative methodology, rigor",
author = "Colorafi, {Karen Jiggins} and Bronwynne Evans",
year = "2016",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/1937586715614171",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "9",
pages = "16--25",
journal = "HERD",
issn = "1937-5867",
publisher = "Vendome Group",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Qualitative Descriptive Methods in Health Science Research

AU - Colorafi, Karen Jiggins

AU - Evans, Bronwynne

PY - 2016/7/1

Y1 - 2016/7/1

N2 - Objective: The purpose of this methodology paper is to describe an approach to qualitative design known as qualitative descriptive that is well suited to junior health sciences researchers because it can be used with a variety of theoretical approaches, sampling techniques, and data collection strategies. Background: It is often difficult for junior qualitative researchers to pull together the tools and resources they need to embark on a high-quality qualitative research study and to manage the volumes of data they collect during qualitative studies. This paper seeks to pull together much needed resources and provide an overview of methods. Methods: A step-by-step guide to planning a qualitative descriptive study and analyzing the data is provided, utilizing exemplars from the authors’ research. Results: This paper presents steps to conducting a qualitative descriptive study under the following headings: describing the qualitative descriptive approach, designing a qualitative descriptive study, steps to data analysis, and ensuring rigor of findings. Conclusions: The qualitative descriptive approach results in a summary in everyday, factual language that facilitates understanding of a selected phenomenon across disciplines of health science researchers.

AB - Objective: The purpose of this methodology paper is to describe an approach to qualitative design known as qualitative descriptive that is well suited to junior health sciences researchers because it can be used with a variety of theoretical approaches, sampling techniques, and data collection strategies. Background: It is often difficult for junior qualitative researchers to pull together the tools and resources they need to embark on a high-quality qualitative research study and to manage the volumes of data they collect during qualitative studies. This paper seeks to pull together much needed resources and provide an overview of methods. Methods: A step-by-step guide to planning a qualitative descriptive study and analyzing the data is provided, utilizing exemplars from the authors’ research. Results: This paper presents steps to conducting a qualitative descriptive study under the following headings: describing the qualitative descriptive approach, designing a qualitative descriptive study, steps to data analysis, and ensuring rigor of findings. Conclusions: The qualitative descriptive approach results in a summary in everyday, factual language that facilitates understanding of a selected phenomenon across disciplines of health science researchers.

KW - qualitative analysis

KW - qualitative descriptive

KW - qualitative design

KW - qualitative methodology

KW - rigor

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84983000292&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84983000292&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/1937586715614171

DO - 10.1177/1937586715614171

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - 16

EP - 25

JO - HERD

JF - HERD

SN - 1937-5867

IS - 4

ER -