Public health services and systems research

Building the science of public health practice

Glen P. Mays, Paul K. Halverson, William Riley

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Despite spending far more resources on health care than any other nation on earth, the United States continues to lag behind many other industrialized nations in population health outcomes ranging from life expectancy at birth and infant mortality to the incidence of preventable chronic diseases.1 Although many factors contribute to this gap between investment and outcome, one likely explanation is the limited resources and attention devoted to public health-that is, the activities designed to promote health and prevent disease and disability on a population-wide basis.2-4 These activities include monitoring and reporting on community health status, investigating and controlling disease outbreaks, educating the public about health risks and prevention strategies, developing and enforcing laws and regulations to protect health, and inspecting and ensuring the safety and quality of water, food, air, and other resources necessary for health.5 The vast majority of the $2.7 trillion spent on health in the United States each year supports the organization, financing, and delivery of medical care services, with less than 3 percent allocated to population-based public health strategies.6, 7 Meanwhile, the nation's health research enterprise focuses primarily on discovering new medical interventions and better ways of delivering these interventions to patients, with comparatively little attention given to uncovering new and better ways of preventing disease through public health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationContemporary Public Health: Principles, Practice, and Policy
PublisherThe University Press of Kentucky
Pages129-154
Number of pages26
StatePublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Public Health Practice
United States Public Health Service
Health Services Research
Public Health
Health
Population
Food Quality
Water Quality
Infant Mortality
Life Expectancy
Developed Countries
Health Status
Disease Outbreaks
Air
Public Health Systems Research
Parturition
Organizations
Delivery of Health Care
Safety
Incidence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Mays, G. P., Halverson, P. K., & Riley, W. (2012). Public health services and systems research: Building the science of public health practice. In Contemporary Public Health: Principles, Practice, and Policy (pp. 129-154). The University Press of Kentucky.

Public health services and systems research : Building the science of public health practice. / Mays, Glen P.; Halverson, Paul K.; Riley, William.

Contemporary Public Health: Principles, Practice, and Policy. The University Press of Kentucky, 2012. p. 129-154.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Mays, GP, Halverson, PK & Riley, W 2012, Public health services and systems research: Building the science of public health practice. in Contemporary Public Health: Principles, Practice, and Policy. The University Press of Kentucky, pp. 129-154.
Mays GP, Halverson PK, Riley W. Public health services and systems research: Building the science of public health practice. In Contemporary Public Health: Principles, Practice, and Policy. The University Press of Kentucky. 2012. p. 129-154
Mays, Glen P. ; Halverson, Paul K. ; Riley, William. / Public health services and systems research : Building the science of public health practice. Contemporary Public Health: Principles, Practice, and Policy. The University Press of Kentucky, 2012. pp. 129-154
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