Psychosocial Vulnerability, Resilience Resources, and Coping with Infertility: A Longitudinal Model of Adjustment to Primary Ovarian Insufficiency

Mary A. Driscoll, Mary Davis, Leona S. Aiken, Ellen W. Yeung, Evelina Weidman Sterling, Vien Vanderhoof, Karim Anton Calis, Vaishali Popat, Sharon N. Covington, Lawrence M. Nelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The infertility associated with primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) presents significant emotional challenges requiring psychosocial adjustment. Few investigations have explored the longitudinal process of adaptation to POI. Purpose: This longitudinal investigation tests a model of adjustment to POI that includes separate psychosocial vulnerability and resilience resource factors. Methods: Among 102 women with POI, personal attributes reflective of vulnerability and resilience were assessed at baseline. Coping strategies were assessed 4 months later and measures of distress and well-being 12 months later. Results: As hypothesized, confirmatory factor analysis yielded separate, inversely correlated vulnerability and resilience resource factors at baseline, and distress and well-being factors at 12 months. Contrary to predictions, maladaptive and adaptive coping strategies were not bi-factorial. Moreover, a single stand-alone strategy, avoidance (i.e., refusing to acknowledge stress), mediated the association between baseline vulnerability and 12-month distress. Conclusions: For women with POI, interventional studies targeted to reduce avoidance are indicated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalAnnals of Behavioral Medicine
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Dec 4 2015

Keywords

  • Adaptation
  • Coping
  • Infertility
  • POI
  • Premature menopause
  • Premature ovarian failure
  • Resilience
  • Risk

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Psychosocial Vulnerability, Resilience Resources, and Coping with Infertility: A Longitudinal Model of Adjustment to Primary Ovarian Insufficiency'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Driscoll, M. A., Davis, M., Aiken, L. S., Yeung, E. W., Sterling, E. W., Vanderhoof, V., Calis, K. A., Popat, V., Covington, S. N., & Nelson, L. M. (Accepted/In press). Psychosocial Vulnerability, Resilience Resources, and Coping with Infertility: A Longitudinal Model of Adjustment to Primary Ovarian Insufficiency. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12160-015-9750-z