Psychosocial factors and theory in physical activity studies in minorities

Scherezade K. Mama, Lorna H. McNeill, Sheryl A. McCurdy, Alexandra E. Evans, Pamela M. Diamond, Heather J. Adamus-Leach, Rebecca Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To summarize the effectiveness of interventions targeting psychosocial factors to increase physical activity (PA) among ethnic minority adults and explore theory use in PA interventions. Methods: Studies (N = 11) were identified through a systematic review and targeted African American/Hispanic adults, specific psychosocial factors, and PA. Data were extracted using a standard code sheet and the Theory Coding Scheme. Results: Social support was the most common psychosocial factor reported, followed by motivational readiness, and self-efficacy, as being associated with increased PA. Only 7 studies explicitly reported using a theoretical framework. Conclusions: Future efforts should explore theory use in PA interventions and how integration of theoretical constructs, including psychosocial factors, increases PA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)68-76
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican journal of health behavior
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Cognitive aspects
  • Exercise
  • Social environment
  • Systematic review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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    Mama, S. K., McNeill, L. H., McCurdy, S. A., Evans, A. E., Diamond, P. M., Adamus-Leach, H. J., & Lee, R. (2015). Psychosocial factors and theory in physical activity studies in minorities. American journal of health behavior, 39(1), 68-76. https://doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.39.1.8