Psychosocial correlates of job strain in a sample of working women

Redford B. Williams, John C. Barefoot, James A. Blumenthal, Michael J. Helms, Linda Luecken, Carl F. Pieper, Ilene C. Siegler, Edward C. Suarez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

71 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Backgrounds: This study identifies potential mediators of job strain effects on health by determining whether psychosocial factors known to predict an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality are higher among women who report high levels of job strain. Methods: Measures of job strain and other psychosocial risk factors were obtained in a sample of 152 female employees of a local corporation. Canonical correlation and analyses of covariance were used to assess relationships between job demands and decision latitude and other psychosocial risk factors. Results: A significant (P=.002) solution to the canonical correlation analysis showed that high job demands and low decision latitude were correlated with a pattern of psychosocial factors consisting of (1) increased levels of negative emotions like anxiety, anger, depression, and hostility; (2) reduced levels of social support; and (3) a preponderance of negative compared with positive feelings in dealings with coworkers and supervisors. This pattern was confirmed by analyses of covariance that adjusted for demographic and specific job characteristics. Conclusions: The canonical correlation analysis results provide empirical support for the job strain construct. The most important finding is that health-damaging psychosocial factors like job strain, depression, hostility, anxiety, and social isolation tend to cluster in certain individuals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)543-548
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of General Psychiatry
Volume54
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1997
Externally publishedYes

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Working Women
Psychology
Hostility
Emotions
Anxiety
Depression
Social Isolation
Health
Anger
Social Support
Cardiovascular Diseases
Demography
Mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Williams, R. B., Barefoot, J. C., Blumenthal, J. A., Helms, M. J., Luecken, L., Pieper, C. F., ... Suarez, E. C. (1997). Psychosocial correlates of job strain in a sample of working women. Archives of General Psychiatry, 54(6), 543-548.

Psychosocial correlates of job strain in a sample of working women. / Williams, Redford B.; Barefoot, John C.; Blumenthal, James A.; Helms, Michael J.; Luecken, Linda; Pieper, Carl F.; Siegler, Ilene C.; Suarez, Edward C.

In: Archives of General Psychiatry, Vol. 54, No. 6, 06.1997, p. 543-548.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Williams, RB, Barefoot, JC, Blumenthal, JA, Helms, MJ, Luecken, L, Pieper, CF, Siegler, IC & Suarez, EC 1997, 'Psychosocial correlates of job strain in a sample of working women', Archives of General Psychiatry, vol. 54, no. 6, pp. 543-548.
Williams RB, Barefoot JC, Blumenthal JA, Helms MJ, Luecken L, Pieper CF et al. Psychosocial correlates of job strain in a sample of working women. Archives of General Psychiatry. 1997 Jun;54(6):543-548.
Williams, Redford B. ; Barefoot, John C. ; Blumenthal, James A. ; Helms, Michael J. ; Luecken, Linda ; Pieper, Carl F. ; Siegler, Ilene C. ; Suarez, Edward C. / Psychosocial correlates of job strain in a sample of working women. In: Archives of General Psychiatry. 1997 ; Vol. 54, No. 6. pp. 543-548.
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