Psychosocial Correlates of Chronic Pain and Depression in Young Adults: Further Evidence of the Utility of the Profile of Chronic Pain: Screen (PCP: S) and the Profile of Chronic Pain: Extended Assessment (PCP: EA) Battery

Linda S. Ruehlman, Paul Karoly, John Pugliese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The goals of the present studies were 1) to determine the psychometric utility and norms of the Profile of Chronic Pain: Screen (PCP: S) in young adults (ages 17-24) with self-reported pain and 2) to compare non-, mildly-, and clinically-depressed young adults with chronic pain in their patterns of pain attitudes and pain beliefs as assessed by the Profile of Chronic Pain: Extended Assessment (PCP: EA) battery. Methods: Participants in the first study included 2,475 male and female college students drawn from undergraduate introductory psychology classes in a large western (U.S.) university. Study 2 participants were 275 male and female introductory psychology students, screened for chronic pain and depression from a cohort of 1,266 students. Results: Study 1 results confirmed the utility of the PCP: S as a screening tool for pain problems in young adults. Study 2 revealed that, although not differing in pain severity, clinically depressed participants differed from their nondepressed and mildly depressed peers in terms of enhanced catastrophizing tendencies and greater perceived disability. Both depressed groups scored lower on control beliefs than the nondepressed group. Moreover, the clinically depressed students reported the highest scores on pain-induced fear, differing from both the mildly depressed and the nondepressed. Finally, the three groups did not differ in their belief in a medical cure. Conclusions: Results suggest that depressed young persons with chronic pain demonstrate a pattern of negative attitudes and beliefs that could compromise their ability to flexibly adjust to changing life circumstances.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1546-1553
Number of pages8
JournalPain Medicine
Volume11
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2010

Fingerprint

Pain Measurement
Chronic Pain
Young Adult
Depression
Pain
Students
Catastrophization
Psychology
Aptitude
Psychometrics
Fear

Keywords

  • Catastrophizing
  • Chronic pain
  • Control beliefs
  • Depression
  • Disability
  • Young adults

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Cite this

@article{8a86d28517d1430c8baabb03a6aa1f44,
title = "Psychosocial Correlates of Chronic Pain and Depression in Young Adults: Further Evidence of the Utility of the Profile of Chronic Pain: Screen (PCP: S) and the Profile of Chronic Pain: Extended Assessment (PCP: EA) Battery",
abstract = "Objective: The goals of the present studies were 1) to determine the psychometric utility and norms of the Profile of Chronic Pain: Screen (PCP: S) in young adults (ages 17-24) with self-reported pain and 2) to compare non-, mildly-, and clinically-depressed young adults with chronic pain in their patterns of pain attitudes and pain beliefs as assessed by the Profile of Chronic Pain: Extended Assessment (PCP: EA) battery. Methods: Participants in the first study included 2,475 male and female college students drawn from undergraduate introductory psychology classes in a large western (U.S.) university. Study 2 participants were 275 male and female introductory psychology students, screened for chronic pain and depression from a cohort of 1,266 students. Results: Study 1 results confirmed the utility of the PCP: S as a screening tool for pain problems in young adults. Study 2 revealed that, although not differing in pain severity, clinically depressed participants differed from their nondepressed and mildly depressed peers in terms of enhanced catastrophizing tendencies and greater perceived disability. Both depressed groups scored lower on control beliefs than the nondepressed group. Moreover, the clinically depressed students reported the highest scores on pain-induced fear, differing from both the mildly depressed and the nondepressed. Finally, the three groups did not differ in their belief in a medical cure. Conclusions: Results suggest that depressed young persons with chronic pain demonstrate a pattern of negative attitudes and beliefs that could compromise their ability to flexibly adjust to changing life circumstances.",
keywords = "Catastrophizing, Chronic pain, Control beliefs, Depression, Disability, Young adults",
author = "Ruehlman, {Linda S.} and Paul Karoly and John Pugliese",
year = "2010",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1111/j.1526-4637.2010.00933.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "11",
pages = "1546--1553",
journal = "Pain Medicine",
issn = "1526-2375",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "10",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Psychosocial Correlates of Chronic Pain and Depression in Young Adults

T2 - Further Evidence of the Utility of the Profile of Chronic Pain: Screen (PCP: S) and the Profile of Chronic Pain: Extended Assessment (PCP: EA) Battery

AU - Ruehlman, Linda S.

AU - Karoly, Paul

AU - Pugliese, John

PY - 2010/10

Y1 - 2010/10

N2 - Objective: The goals of the present studies were 1) to determine the psychometric utility and norms of the Profile of Chronic Pain: Screen (PCP: S) in young adults (ages 17-24) with self-reported pain and 2) to compare non-, mildly-, and clinically-depressed young adults with chronic pain in their patterns of pain attitudes and pain beliefs as assessed by the Profile of Chronic Pain: Extended Assessment (PCP: EA) battery. Methods: Participants in the first study included 2,475 male and female college students drawn from undergraduate introductory psychology classes in a large western (U.S.) university. Study 2 participants were 275 male and female introductory psychology students, screened for chronic pain and depression from a cohort of 1,266 students. Results: Study 1 results confirmed the utility of the PCP: S as a screening tool for pain problems in young adults. Study 2 revealed that, although not differing in pain severity, clinically depressed participants differed from their nondepressed and mildly depressed peers in terms of enhanced catastrophizing tendencies and greater perceived disability. Both depressed groups scored lower on control beliefs than the nondepressed group. Moreover, the clinically depressed students reported the highest scores on pain-induced fear, differing from both the mildly depressed and the nondepressed. Finally, the three groups did not differ in their belief in a medical cure. Conclusions: Results suggest that depressed young persons with chronic pain demonstrate a pattern of negative attitudes and beliefs that could compromise their ability to flexibly adjust to changing life circumstances.

AB - Objective: The goals of the present studies were 1) to determine the psychometric utility and norms of the Profile of Chronic Pain: Screen (PCP: S) in young adults (ages 17-24) with self-reported pain and 2) to compare non-, mildly-, and clinically-depressed young adults with chronic pain in their patterns of pain attitudes and pain beliefs as assessed by the Profile of Chronic Pain: Extended Assessment (PCP: EA) battery. Methods: Participants in the first study included 2,475 male and female college students drawn from undergraduate introductory psychology classes in a large western (U.S.) university. Study 2 participants were 275 male and female introductory psychology students, screened for chronic pain and depression from a cohort of 1,266 students. Results: Study 1 results confirmed the utility of the PCP: S as a screening tool for pain problems in young adults. Study 2 revealed that, although not differing in pain severity, clinically depressed participants differed from their nondepressed and mildly depressed peers in terms of enhanced catastrophizing tendencies and greater perceived disability. Both depressed groups scored lower on control beliefs than the nondepressed group. Moreover, the clinically depressed students reported the highest scores on pain-induced fear, differing from both the mildly depressed and the nondepressed. Finally, the three groups did not differ in their belief in a medical cure. Conclusions: Results suggest that depressed young persons with chronic pain demonstrate a pattern of negative attitudes and beliefs that could compromise their ability to flexibly adjust to changing life circumstances.

KW - Catastrophizing

KW - Chronic pain

KW - Control beliefs

KW - Depression

KW - Disability

KW - Young adults

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77957231205&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77957231205&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1526-4637.2010.00933.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1526-4637.2010.00933.x

M3 - Article

C2 - 20735750

AN - SCOPUS:77957231205

VL - 11

SP - 1546

EP - 1553

JO - Pain Medicine

JF - Pain Medicine

SN - 1526-2375

IS - 10

ER -