Psychosocial antecedents of tobacco chipping

Clark Presson, Laurie Chassin, Steven J. Sherman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

The authors examined adolescent antecedents and adult correlates of tobacco "chipping" compared with heavy smoking, experimental smoking, and nonsmoking in a representative community sample. As adolescents, future "chippers" had some smoking risk factors (attitudes, health beliefs, smoking intentions, and tolerance for deviance) and several protective factors (high values for academic success, internal locus of control, supportive relationships, and little smoking among peers and parents). As adults, risk factors included lessened belief in nicotine's addictiveness, lower conscientiousness, higher extraversion, and lower positive affect and life satisfaction; protective factors included high levels of educational attainment and employment and low levels of negative affect and stress (men only). Thus, chippers experience a complex mixture of risk and protective factors for smoking.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)384-392
Number of pages9
JournalHealth Psychology
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Antecedents
  • Longitudinal studies
  • Tobacco chipping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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