Psychological approaches to myopia: a review

R. I. Lanyon, J. W. Giddings

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper reviews the literature on psychological or behavioral factors in the development and modification of myopia. A wide variety of topics in psychology have been involved in this work, and there are a number of potentially fruitful areas for further research. In regard to the development of myopia, the following were concluded: axial length of the eyeball is a critical physiological variable; heredity plays a definite though minor role; there are personality and intellectual correlates of myopia; and excessive visual near work behavior is almost certainly a powerful relevant factor. In regard to modification, little has as yet been accomplished, although the demonstration of temporary changes in subjective acuity and refractive error by behavioral means supports a view of myopia as a behavioral physiological disorder.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAMER.J.OPTOM.PHYSIOL.OPT.
Pages271-281
Number of pages11
Volume51
Edition4
StatePublished - 1974
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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