Psychological approaches to myopia

A review

Richard I. Lanyon, John W. Giddings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper reviews the literature on psychological or behavioral factors in the development and modification of myopia. A wide variety of topics in psychology have been involved in this work, and there are a number of potentially fruitful areas for further research. In regard to the development of myopia, the following were concluded: axial length of the eyeball is a critical physiological variable; beredity plays a definite though minor role; there are personality and intellectual correlates of myopia; and excessive visual near-work behavior is almost certainly a powerful relevant factor. In regard to modification, little has as yet been accomplished, although the demonstration of temporary changes in subjective acuity and refractive error by behavioral means supports a view of myopia as a behavioral physiological disorder.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)271-281
Number of pages11
JournalOptometry and Vision Science
Volume51
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1974
Externally publishedYes

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Myopia
Psychology
Refractive Errors
Personality
Research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Optometry

Cite this

Lanyon, R. I., & Giddings, J. W. (1974). Psychological approaches to myopia: A review. Optometry and Vision Science, 51(4), 271-281.

Psychological approaches to myopia : A review. / Lanyon, Richard I.; Giddings, John W.

In: Optometry and Vision Science, Vol. 51, No. 4, 1974, p. 271-281.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lanyon, RI & Giddings, JW 1974, 'Psychological approaches to myopia: A review', Optometry and Vision Science, vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 271-281.
Lanyon, Richard I. ; Giddings, John W. / Psychological approaches to myopia : A review. In: Optometry and Vision Science. 1974 ; Vol. 51, No. 4. pp. 271-281.
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