Psychological and Behavioral Consequences of Job Loss: A Covariance Structure Analysis Using Weiner's (1985) Attribution Model

Gregory E. Prussia, Angelo J. Kinicki, Jeffrey S. Bracker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

B. Weiner's (1985) attribution model of achievement motivation and emotion was used as a theoretical foundation to examine the mediating processes between involuntary job loss and employment status. Seventy-nine manufacturing employees were surveyed 1 month prior to permanent displacement, and finding another job was assessed 18 months later. Covariance structure analysis was used to evaluate goodness of fit and to compare the model to alternative measurement and structural representations. Discriminant validity analyses indicated that the causal dimensions underlying the model were not independent. Model predictions were supported in that internal and stable attributions for job loss negatively influenced finding another job through expectations for reemployment. These predictions held up even after controlling for influential unmeasured variables. Practical and theoretical implications are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)382-394
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Volume78
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

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