Proximal Predictors of Gun Violence Among Adolescent Males Involved in Crime

Zachary R. Rowan, Carol A. Schubert, Thomas A. Loughran, Edward P. Mulvey, Dustin Pardini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The growing public health and legal concerns regarding gun violence has led to a call for research that investigates risk factors for gun violence across a variety of domains. Individual and sociocontextual risk factors have been associated with violence more broadly, and in some instances gun-carrying, however no prior research has investigated the role of these factors in explaining gun violence using longitudinal data. The current study utilized a subsample (N = 161) from the Pathways to Desistance Study, which is a longitudinal sample of serious adolescent offenders to evaluate interindividual and intraindividual differences in relevant risk factors of gun violence. Results suggest that there are a few key proximal individual-level and sociocontextual predictors for gun violence, including witnessing nongun violence, future orientation, and perceived personal rewards to crime. Findings demonstrate the salience of exposure to violence in contributing to gun violence and identify levers of action for public policy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalLaw and Human Behavior
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Firearms
Crime
Violence
offense
violence
adolescent
future orientation
Predictors
Proximal
Public Policy
Reward
Research
reward
Public Health
offender
public policy
public health

Keywords

  • Adolescent violence
  • Gun violence
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Law

Cite this

Proximal Predictors of Gun Violence Among Adolescent Males Involved in Crime. / Rowan, Zachary R.; Schubert, Carol A.; Loughran, Thomas A.; Mulvey, Edward P.; Pardini, Dustin.

In: Law and Human Behavior, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rowan, Zachary R. ; Schubert, Carol A. ; Loughran, Thomas A. ; Mulvey, Edward P. ; Pardini, Dustin. / Proximal Predictors of Gun Violence Among Adolescent Males Involved in Crime. In: Law and Human Behavior. 2019.
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