Prospective Predictors of Quit Attempts and Smoking Cessation in Young Adults

Jennifer S. Rose, Laurie Chassin, Clark Presson, Steven J. Sherman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

139 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined prospective predictors of attempts to quit smoking and successful quitting among those who attempted to quit (n = 700), using a long-term longitudinal study of the natural history of cigarette smoking in a midwestern community sample. Participants, originally surveyed in 6th-12th grade (1980-1983), were followed up in 1987 and 1994. Results showed that amount of smoking, gender, education, health beliefs about smoking, value on healthy lifestyle, motives for smoking, reasons for quitting, and occupancy of young adult social roles were significant predictors of cessation. However, there were different predictors of attempts to quit and successful quitting among those who attempted to quit. From a public health perspective, both predictors of quit attempts and predictors of successful quitting among attempters are useful targets for intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)261-268
Number of pages8
JournalHealth Psychology
Volume15
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1996

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Smoking Cessation
Young Adult
Smoking
Natural History
Health Education
Longitudinal Studies
Public Health
Prospective Studies

Keywords

  • Prospective predictors
  • Quit attempts
  • Smoking cessation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Prospective Predictors of Quit Attempts and Smoking Cessation in Young Adults. / Rose, Jennifer S.; Chassin, Laurie; Presson, Clark; Sherman, Steven J.

In: Health Psychology, Vol. 15, No. 4, 07.1996, p. 261-268.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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