Prosociality: The contribution of traits, values, and self-efficacy beliefs

Gian Vittorio Caprara, Guido Alessandri, Nancy Eisenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

120 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study examined how agreeableness, self-transcendence values, and empathic self-efficacy beliefs predict individuals' tendencies to engage in prosocial behavior (i.e., prosociality) across time. Participants were 340 young adults, 190 women and 150 men, age approximately 21 years at Time 1 and 25 years at Time 2. Measures of agreeableness, self-transcendence, empathic self-efficacy beliefs, and prosociality were collected at 2 time points. The findings corroborated the posited paths of relations, with agreeableness directly predicting self-transcendence and indirectly predicting empathic self-efficacy beliefs and prosociality. Self-transcendence mediated the relation between agreeableness and empathic self-efficacy beliefs. Empathic self-efficacy beliefs mediated the relation of agreeableness and self-transcendence to prosociality. Finally, earlier prosociality predicted agreeableness and empathic self-efficacy beliefs assessed at Time 2. The posited conceptual model accounted for a significant portion of variance in prosociality and provides guidance to interventions aimed at promoting prosociality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1289-1303
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume102
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2012

Fingerprint

Self Efficacy
transcendence
self-efficacy
Values
young adult
Young Adult
time

Keywords

  • Agreeableness
  • Empathic self-efficacy beliefs
  • Longitudinal mediational model
  • Prosociality
  • Self-transcendence values

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Prosociality : The contribution of traits, values, and self-efficacy beliefs. / Caprara, Gian Vittorio; Alessandri, Guido; Eisenberg, Nancy.

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 102, No. 6, 06.2012, p. 1289-1303.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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