Prosociality During the Transition From Late Adolescence to Young Adulthood: The Role of Effortful Control and Ego-Resiliency

Guido Alessandri, Bernadette Paula Luengo Kanacri, Nancy Eisenberg, Antonio Zuffianò, Michela Milioni, Michele Vecchione, Gian Vittorio Caprara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present prospective study examined the prediction of prosociality from effortful control and ego-resiliency from late adolescence to emerging adulthood. Participants were 476 young adults (239 males and 237 females) with a mean age of 16 years (SD =.81) at T1, 18 years (SD =.83) at T2, 20 years (SD =.79) at T3, 22 years (SD =.81) at T4, and 26 years (SD =.81) at T5. Controlling for the stability of the examined variables and the effect of potential confounding variables (i.e., sex, socioeconomic status [SES], and age), results supported a model in which a temperamental dimension, effortful control, positively predicted a specific behavioral tendency (i.e., prosociality) indirectly through mediation by a personality factor (i.e., ego-resiliency). Practical implications of the results are discussed in terms of the importance of early prevention efforts designed to enhance the capacity to cope effectively with emotional reactions and difficult situations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1451-1465
Number of pages15
JournalPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Volume40
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 11 2014

Keywords

  • effortful control
  • ego-resiliency
  • longitudinal mediation
  • prosociality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

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