Propylene/Propane Mixture Separation Characteristics and Stability of Carbon Molecular Sieve Membranes

Xiaoli Ma, Suzanne Williams, Xiaotong Wei, Jay Kniep, Jerry Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Propylene/propane mixture separation properties of high quality carbon molecular sieve (CMS) membranes prepared on mesoporous γ-alumina supports were studied at different feed pressures (up to 100 psia), feed compositions, and permeation temperatures. The membrane exhibits a mixture propylene/propane selectivity of above 30 under the studied conditions, with no plasticization effect observed at feed pressures up to 100 psia (∼700 kPa). Temperature dependences of the permeance and selectivity suggest a diffusion dominated mechanism for the permeation and separation of propylene/propane through the CMS membrane. The propylene/propane separation characteristics tend to stabilize after a decline in gas permeance and an increase in propylene/propane selectivity while on stream of propylene/propane mixture for 10 days. The initial changes in separation properties of the CMS membrane are due to the reduction in the effective pore size caused by oxygen chemisorption and physical aging of the pore structure. CMS membranes can be preaged under proper conditions to stabilize the structure and separation performance for practical separation application.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9824-9831
Number of pages8
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Volume54
Issue number40
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 14 2015

Fingerprint

Propane
Molecular sieves
Propylene
Carbon
Membranes
Permeation
Aluminum Oxide
Chemisorption
Pore structure
Pore size
propylene
Alumina
Aging of materials
Gases
Oxygen
Temperature
Chemical analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Propylene/Propane Mixture Separation Characteristics and Stability of Carbon Molecular Sieve Membranes. / Ma, Xiaoli; Williams, Suzanne; Wei, Xiaotong; Kniep, Jay; Lin, Jerry.

In: Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 54, No. 40, 14.10.2015, p. 9824-9831.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ma, Xiaoli ; Williams, Suzanne ; Wei, Xiaotong ; Kniep, Jay ; Lin, Jerry. / Propylene/Propane Mixture Separation Characteristics and Stability of Carbon Molecular Sieve Membranes. In: Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research. 2015 ; Vol. 54, No. 40. pp. 9824-9831.
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