Promotora assisted depression and self-care management among predominantly Latinos with concurrent chronic illness: Safety net care system clinical trial results

Kathleen Ell, María P. Aranda, Shinyi Wu, Hyunsung Oh, Pey Jiuan Lee, Jeffrey Guterman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The study evaluated depression and self-care management among patients with diabetes and/or heart disease in a 12-month randomized trial conducted in Los Angeles County Department of Health Services (LAC-DHS) community clinics. We compared LAC-DHS clinic usual care (UC) versus A-Helping-Hand (AHH) intervention in which bilingual promotoras, hired and supervised by the research project, provided 6 weekly psychoeducational sessions followed by boosters. Of 1957 screened, 348 depressed patients (PHQ-9 score ≥ 10) were enrolled, randomized to AHH (n = 178) or UC (n = 170) after baseline interview assessing mental health, treatment receipt, co-morbid illness, self-care management, and environmental stressors. Comprehensive assessments were repeated at 6 and 12 months by an independent interviewer blind to the study group. Patients (85% diabetes, 4% heart disease, 11% both) were predominantly female (85%), Latino (99%), born outside of the US (91%). Study attrition at 12 months was 30% (AHH 31%, UC 28%, P = 0.51). No baseline characteristics were associated with attrition. Half of AHH patients received 4 or more sessions. Intend-to-treat analysis found study groups did not vary significantly at 6 and 12 months. Before-after paired t-tests showed significant improvements in most measures in each group. During the trial, LAC-DHS activated healthcare improvements including depression screening, referral to clinic staff including community health workers (with the same role as the promotoras) to improve patient care management. Both patient groups performed equally well which may be a function of the enhanced healthcare model. Future research should replicate the promotora-integrated care model with other groups and care settings with similar comorbid conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalContemporary Clinical Trials
Volume61
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2017

Keywords

  • Chronic disease management
  • Community health worker
  • Depression
  • Latino
  • Promotora
  • Safety net care system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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