Profiles of Future Orientation among Assault-injured Adolescents

Correlates and Concurrent Outcomes

Chanler D. Hilley, Sarah Lindstrom Johnson, Tina L. Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Future orientation has been established as having positive associations with health and educational outcomes for adolescents exposed to violence. However, conceptualizations of future orientation have been inconsistent. This study uses latent profile analysis to understand the interrelationships between measures of future orientation (e.g., commitment to learning, goal orientation, hope, expectancies, fatalism). Participants were 188 primarily African American male early adolescents ranging from 10 to 15 years old (60.6% male; Mage = 12.87, SDage = 1.52). Adolescents in the high- and low-future orientation profiles differed on academic behaviors and aggressive behavior. A discordant profile emerged with adolescents moderate on all measures of future orientation except expectancies. Relational aspects of parenting were associated with higher likelihood of adolescents being assigned to the high- and low-future orientation profiles. These findings suggest the importance of parental warmth in promoting future orientation for adolescents in risky environments, as improving future orientation might mitigate risk for future negative academic comes or engagement in violent behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of youth and adolescence
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

future orientation
assault
adolescent
Hope
Parenting
fatalism
Violence
African Americans
aggressive behavior
Learning
Health
commitment
violence

Keywords

  • Future orientation
  • Latent profile analysis
  • Risk and protective factors
  • Violence exposure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Profiles of Future Orientation among Assault-injured Adolescents : Correlates and Concurrent Outcomes. / Hilley, Chanler D.; Lindstrom Johnson, Sarah; Cheng, Tina L.

In: Journal of youth and adolescence, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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