Processes Underlying Mexican-Origin Adolescent Mothers' BMI

Diamond Y. Bravo, Chelsea L. Derlan, Adriana J. Umaña-Taylor, Kimberly Updegraff, Laudan B. Jahromi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To examine potential mediating and moderating factors in the longitudinal association between contextual stressors (economic hardship, ethnic discrimination) and subsequent engagement in risky behaviors and body mass index (BMI) of Mexican-origin adolescent mothers. Method: Participants were Mexican-origin adolescent mothers (N = 204) who were recruited from community agencies and high schools in a Southwestern metropolitan area. Contextual stressors and risky behaviors were assessed 3 and 4 years postpartum. Adolescent mothers' BMI was assessed 5-years postpartum. Path analyses assessed moderated mediation with risky behaviors as a mediator of associations between contextual stressors and BMI, and family and friend support as moderators of the mediated pathways. Results: At low levels of family support, economic hardship at 3-years postpartum positively predicted engagement in risky behaviors at 4-years postpartum, which in turn positively predicted BMI at 5-years postpartum. At high levels of family support, all relations were not significant. At low levels of friend support, ethnic discrimination at 3-years postpartum positively predicted engagement in risky behaviors at 4-years postpartum, which in turn positively predicted BMI at 5-years postpartum. At high levels of friend support, all relations were not significant. Conclusions: Among adolescent mothers who receive low levels of family and friend support, engagement in risky behaviors may function as a mechanism through which contextual stressors are linked to adolescent mothers' BMI. Findings have implications for prevention efforts aimed at attenuating unhealthy weight status among Mexican-origin adolescent mothers by reducing engagement in risky behaviors and bolstering family and friend support.(PsycINFO Database Record

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Nov 27 2017

Fingerprint

Postpartum Period
Body Mass Index
Mothers
adolescent
discrimination
Economics
moderator
mediation
economics
agglomeration area
Weights and Measures
school
community

Keywords

  • Body mass index
  • Economic hardship
  • Ethnic discrimination
  • Risky behavior
  • Social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Processes Underlying Mexican-Origin Adolescent Mothers' BMI. / Bravo, Diamond Y.; Derlan, Chelsea L.; Umaña-Taylor, Adriana J.; Updegraff, Kimberly; Jahromi, Laudan B.

In: Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 27.11.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bravo, Diamond Y. ; Derlan, Chelsea L. ; Umaña-Taylor, Adriana J. ; Updegraff, Kimberly ; Jahromi, Laudan B. / Processes Underlying Mexican-Origin Adolescent Mothers' BMI. In: Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology. 2017.
@article{c59fc53932f24483aacdf60e43104f32,
title = "Processes Underlying Mexican-Origin Adolescent Mothers' BMI",
abstract = "Objective: To examine potential mediating and moderating factors in the longitudinal association between contextual stressors (economic hardship, ethnic discrimination) and subsequent engagement in risky behaviors and body mass index (BMI) of Mexican-origin adolescent mothers. Method: Participants were Mexican-origin adolescent mothers (N = 204) who were recruited from community agencies and high schools in a Southwestern metropolitan area. Contextual stressors and risky behaviors were assessed 3 and 4 years postpartum. Adolescent mothers' BMI was assessed 5-years postpartum. Path analyses assessed moderated mediation with risky behaviors as a mediator of associations between contextual stressors and BMI, and family and friend support as moderators of the mediated pathways. Results: At low levels of family support, economic hardship at 3-years postpartum positively predicted engagement in risky behaviors at 4-years postpartum, which in turn positively predicted BMI at 5-years postpartum. At high levels of family support, all relations were not significant. At low levels of friend support, ethnic discrimination at 3-years postpartum positively predicted engagement in risky behaviors at 4-years postpartum, which in turn positively predicted BMI at 5-years postpartum. At high levels of friend support, all relations were not significant. Conclusions: Among adolescent mothers who receive low levels of family and friend support, engagement in risky behaviors may function as a mechanism through which contextual stressors are linked to adolescent mothers' BMI. Findings have implications for prevention efforts aimed at attenuating unhealthy weight status among Mexican-origin adolescent mothers by reducing engagement in risky behaviors and bolstering family and friend support.(PsycINFO Database Record",
keywords = "Body mass index, Economic hardship, Ethnic discrimination, Risky behavior, Social support",
author = "Bravo, {Diamond Y.} and Derlan, {Chelsea L.} and Uma{\~n}a-Taylor, {Adriana J.} and Kimberly Updegraff and Jahromi, {Laudan B.}",
year = "2017",
month = "11",
day = "27",
doi = "10.1037/cdp0000181",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology",
issn = "1099-9809",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Processes Underlying Mexican-Origin Adolescent Mothers' BMI

AU - Bravo, Diamond Y.

AU - Derlan, Chelsea L.

AU - Umaña-Taylor, Adriana J.

AU - Updegraff, Kimberly

AU - Jahromi, Laudan B.

PY - 2017/11/27

Y1 - 2017/11/27

N2 - Objective: To examine potential mediating and moderating factors in the longitudinal association between contextual stressors (economic hardship, ethnic discrimination) and subsequent engagement in risky behaviors and body mass index (BMI) of Mexican-origin adolescent mothers. Method: Participants were Mexican-origin adolescent mothers (N = 204) who were recruited from community agencies and high schools in a Southwestern metropolitan area. Contextual stressors and risky behaviors were assessed 3 and 4 years postpartum. Adolescent mothers' BMI was assessed 5-years postpartum. Path analyses assessed moderated mediation with risky behaviors as a mediator of associations between contextual stressors and BMI, and family and friend support as moderators of the mediated pathways. Results: At low levels of family support, economic hardship at 3-years postpartum positively predicted engagement in risky behaviors at 4-years postpartum, which in turn positively predicted BMI at 5-years postpartum. At high levels of family support, all relations were not significant. At low levels of friend support, ethnic discrimination at 3-years postpartum positively predicted engagement in risky behaviors at 4-years postpartum, which in turn positively predicted BMI at 5-years postpartum. At high levels of friend support, all relations were not significant. Conclusions: Among adolescent mothers who receive low levels of family and friend support, engagement in risky behaviors may function as a mechanism through which contextual stressors are linked to adolescent mothers' BMI. Findings have implications for prevention efforts aimed at attenuating unhealthy weight status among Mexican-origin adolescent mothers by reducing engagement in risky behaviors and bolstering family and friend support.(PsycINFO Database Record

AB - Objective: To examine potential mediating and moderating factors in the longitudinal association between contextual stressors (economic hardship, ethnic discrimination) and subsequent engagement in risky behaviors and body mass index (BMI) of Mexican-origin adolescent mothers. Method: Participants were Mexican-origin adolescent mothers (N = 204) who were recruited from community agencies and high schools in a Southwestern metropolitan area. Contextual stressors and risky behaviors were assessed 3 and 4 years postpartum. Adolescent mothers' BMI was assessed 5-years postpartum. Path analyses assessed moderated mediation with risky behaviors as a mediator of associations between contextual stressors and BMI, and family and friend support as moderators of the mediated pathways. Results: At low levels of family support, economic hardship at 3-years postpartum positively predicted engagement in risky behaviors at 4-years postpartum, which in turn positively predicted BMI at 5-years postpartum. At high levels of family support, all relations were not significant. At low levels of friend support, ethnic discrimination at 3-years postpartum positively predicted engagement in risky behaviors at 4-years postpartum, which in turn positively predicted BMI at 5-years postpartum. At high levels of friend support, all relations were not significant. Conclusions: Among adolescent mothers who receive low levels of family and friend support, engagement in risky behaviors may function as a mechanism through which contextual stressors are linked to adolescent mothers' BMI. Findings have implications for prevention efforts aimed at attenuating unhealthy weight status among Mexican-origin adolescent mothers by reducing engagement in risky behaviors and bolstering family and friend support.(PsycINFO Database Record

KW - Body mass index

KW - Economic hardship

KW - Ethnic discrimination

KW - Risky behavior

KW - Social support

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85034997450&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85034997450&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/cdp0000181

DO - 10.1037/cdp0000181

M3 - Article

JO - Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology

JF - Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology

SN - 1099-9809

ER -