Proactive parenting and children's effortful control: Mediating role of language and indirect intervention effects

Hyein Chang, Daniel S. Shaw, Thomas J. Dishion, Frances Gardner, Melvin N. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

We examined associations of proactive parenting, child verbal ability, and child effortful control within the context of a randomized prevention trial focused on enhancing parenting practices in low-income families. Participants (N= 731) were assessed annually from the age of two to five, with half randomly assigned to the Family Check-Up (FCU). Results indicated that the child's verbal ability at the age of three partially mediated the influence of proactive parenting at the age of two on children's effortful control at the age of five. More importantly, the FCU indirectly facilitated children's effortful control by sequentially improving proactive parenting and children's verbal ability. The findings are discussed with respect to taking a more integrative approach to understanding early predictors and the promotion of self-regulation in early childhood.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)206-223
Number of pages18
JournalSocial Development
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Effortful control
  • Intervention
  • Parenting
  • Self-regulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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