Proactive optimization of toxic waste transportation, location and technology

Max M. Wyman, Michael Kuby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Many models of real world problems, such as the toxic waste transportation and location problem, produce solutions that "make the best of a bad situation". Yet in many cases, giving the model better choices with which to work could produce far superior results. We introduce a framework for proactive optimization, defined as identification of the structural parameters within an OR problem that cause optimal solutions to be less than satisfactory, followed by an exogenous search for better options to add to the model. The proactive methodology is illustrated by a multiobjective, mixed-integer, location-allocation model with technology choice variables. A new technology, solar-driven waste detoxification, is compared with toxic waste incineration on three traditionally conflicting criteria: cost, a new risk measure (μg/m3 person hrs), and a new disequity measure (MinMaxSum kg*km). The solar process is found to improve all three objectives considerably. Sensitivity analysis indicates the robustness of the results in terms of cost, risk, and sunlight availability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)167-185
Number of pages19
JournalLocation Science
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1995

Keywords

  • Proactive optimization
  • equity
  • location
  • multiobjective
  • technology
  • toxic waste

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Transportation

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