Principles of cooperation across systems

From human sharing to multicellularity and cancer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

From cells to societies, several general principles arise again and again that facilitate cooperation and suppress conflict. In this study, I describe three general principles of cooperation and how they operate across systems including human sharing, cooperation in animal and insect societies and the massively large-scale cooperation that occurs in our multicellular bodies. The first principle is that of Walk Away: that cooperation is enhanced when individuals can leave uncooperative partners. The second principle is that resource sharing is often based on the need of the recipient (i.e., need-based transfers) rather than on strict account-keeping. And the last principle is that effective scaling up of cooperation requires increasingly sophisticated and costly cheater suppression mechanisms. By comparing how these principles operate across systems, we can better understand the constraints on cooperation. This can facilitate the discovery of novel ways to enhance cooperation and suppress cheating in its many forms, from social exploitation to cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17-36
Number of pages20
JournalEvolutionary Applications
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Fingerprint

insect colonies
cancer
neoplasms
Insects
Neoplasms
animals
cells
co-operation
insect
animal
resource

Keywords

  • Cancer suppression
  • Cheater suppression
  • Food sharing
  • Kinship
  • Need-based transfers
  • Walk Away

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Genetics

Cite this

Principles of cooperation across systems : From human sharing to multicellularity and cancer. / Aktipis, C Athena.

In: Evolutionary Applications, Vol. 9, No. 1, 01.01.2016, p. 17-36.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{4f97d260fee04e6984ee31919d404a62,
title = "Principles of cooperation across systems: From human sharing to multicellularity and cancer",
abstract = "From cells to societies, several general principles arise again and again that facilitate cooperation and suppress conflict. In this study, I describe three general principles of cooperation and how they operate across systems including human sharing, cooperation in animal and insect societies and the massively large-scale cooperation that occurs in our multicellular bodies. The first principle is that of Walk Away: that cooperation is enhanced when individuals can leave uncooperative partners. The second principle is that resource sharing is often based on the need of the recipient (i.e., need-based transfers) rather than on strict account-keeping. And the last principle is that effective scaling up of cooperation requires increasingly sophisticated and costly cheater suppression mechanisms. By comparing how these principles operate across systems, we can better understand the constraints on cooperation. This can facilitate the discovery of novel ways to enhance cooperation and suppress cheating in its many forms, from social exploitation to cancer.",
keywords = "Cancer suppression, Cheater suppression, Food sharing, Kinship, Need-based transfers, Walk Away",
author = "Aktipis, {C Athena}",
year = "2016",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/eva.12303",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "9",
pages = "17--36",
journal = "Evolutionary Applications",
issn = "1752-4563",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Principles of cooperation across systems

T2 - From human sharing to multicellularity and cancer

AU - Aktipis, C Athena

PY - 2016/1/1

Y1 - 2016/1/1

N2 - From cells to societies, several general principles arise again and again that facilitate cooperation and suppress conflict. In this study, I describe three general principles of cooperation and how they operate across systems including human sharing, cooperation in animal and insect societies and the massively large-scale cooperation that occurs in our multicellular bodies. The first principle is that of Walk Away: that cooperation is enhanced when individuals can leave uncooperative partners. The second principle is that resource sharing is often based on the need of the recipient (i.e., need-based transfers) rather than on strict account-keeping. And the last principle is that effective scaling up of cooperation requires increasingly sophisticated and costly cheater suppression mechanisms. By comparing how these principles operate across systems, we can better understand the constraints on cooperation. This can facilitate the discovery of novel ways to enhance cooperation and suppress cheating in its many forms, from social exploitation to cancer.

AB - From cells to societies, several general principles arise again and again that facilitate cooperation and suppress conflict. In this study, I describe three general principles of cooperation and how they operate across systems including human sharing, cooperation in animal and insect societies and the massively large-scale cooperation that occurs in our multicellular bodies. The first principle is that of Walk Away: that cooperation is enhanced when individuals can leave uncooperative partners. The second principle is that resource sharing is often based on the need of the recipient (i.e., need-based transfers) rather than on strict account-keeping. And the last principle is that effective scaling up of cooperation requires increasingly sophisticated and costly cheater suppression mechanisms. By comparing how these principles operate across systems, we can better understand the constraints on cooperation. This can facilitate the discovery of novel ways to enhance cooperation and suppress cheating in its many forms, from social exploitation to cancer.

KW - Cancer suppression

KW - Cheater suppression

KW - Food sharing

KW - Kinship

KW - Need-based transfers

KW - Walk Away

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84954428791&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84954428791&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/eva.12303

DO - 10.1111/eva.12303

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - 17

EP - 36

JO - Evolutionary Applications

JF - Evolutionary Applications

SN - 1752-4563

IS - 1

ER -