Principal component analysis to investigate the effect of BIM use on AEC project changes

Tober C. Francom, Mounir El Asmar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Building information modeling (BIM) is a process that has the potential to positively impact the performance of architecture, engineering, and construction (AEC) projects. Previous studies showed the quantitative performance benefits of BIM from a general perspective. This paper aims to build upon the previous studies and investigate the effect of BIM Uses on a specific key project performance metric: project change. BIM Uses include visualization, clash detection, code checking, early coordination between stakeholders, and others. The research methodology includes conducting a principal component analysis (PCA) on a dataset of 34 completed vertical construction projects. A new input, the BIM Use Score, was created through PCA and was used to test if increased BIM Use actually affects project change metrics. Interesting results emerged from the analysis, including: (1) the lack of relationship between BIM Use and the extent of project change, and (2) a potential correlation between BIM Use and the project change initiators. Increased BIM Use seems to result in less design changes but more owner changes. The findings of this study provide a more comprehensive understanding of the impact BIM Use can (or cannot) have on project performance, ultimately helping project stakeholders decide how to most effectively use BIM on their projects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationComputing in Civil and Building Engineering - Proceedings of the 2014 International Conference on Computing in Civil and Building Engineering
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Pages159-166
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9780784413616
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014
Event2014 International Conference on Computing in Civil and Building Engineering - Orlando, United States
Duration: Jun 23 2014Jun 25 2014

Other

Other2014 International Conference on Computing in Civil and Building Engineering
CountryUnited States
CityOrlando
Period6/23/146/25/14

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction

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