Prevalence of approximate √t relaxation for the dielectric α process in viscous organic liquids

Albena I. Nielsen, Tage Christensen, Bo Jakobsen, Kristine Niss, Niels Boye Olsen, Ranko Richert, Jeppe C. Dyre

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64 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper presents dielectric relaxation data for organic glass-forming liquids compiled from different groups and supplemented by new measurements. The main quantity of interest is the "minimum slope" of the α dielectric loss plotted as a function of frequency in a log-log plot, i.e., the numerically largest slope above the loss peak frequency. The data consisting of 347 spectra for 53 liquids show prevalence of minimum slopes close to -1/2, corresponding to approximate √t dependence of the dielectric relaxation function at short times. The paper studies possible correlations between minimum slopes and (1) temperature (quantified via the loss peak frequency); (2) how well an inverse power-law fits data above the loss peak; (3) degree of time-temperature superposition; (4) loss peak half width; (5) deviation from non-Arrhenius behavior; (6) loss strength. For the first three points we find correlations that show a special status of liquids with minimum slopes close to -1/2. For the last three points only fairly insignificant correlations are found, with the exception of large-loss liquids that have minimum slopes that are numerically significantly larger than 1/2. We conclude that-excluding large-loss liquids-approximate t relaxation appears to be a generic property of the α relaxation of organic glass formers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number154508
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume130
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - May 5 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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    Nielsen, A. I., Christensen, T., Jakobsen, B., Niss, K., Olsen, N. B., Richert, R., & Dyre, J. C. (2009). Prevalence of approximate √t relaxation for the dielectric α process in viscous organic liquids. Journal of Chemical Physics, 130(15), [154508]. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3098911