Preserved ipsilateral-to-lesion motor map organization in the unilateral 6-OHDA-treated rat model of Parkinson's disease

Gerlinde A. Metz, Dionne M. Piecharka, Jeffrey A. Kleim, Ian Q. Whishaw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

The classic view of dopamine (DA) loss in Parkinson's disease is that it produces a functional deafferentation in striatal-cortical circuitry that, in turn, contributes to sensorimotor deficits. The present study examines this view in the rat by assessing how DA-depletion affects the intracortical microstimulation (ICMS) topographic representation of movement in the rostral and caudal motor areas of the motor cortex. The ICMS map is used as an index of motor cortex function because it has been shown to reflect motor function and experience. Groups of rats received no training or skilled reach training and were then given unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) or sham lesions of the nigrostriatal bundle to deplete nigrostriatal DA. Lesion success was confirmed by abnormalities in skilled reaching, by apomorphine-induced rotation, and by loss of DA neurons in the substantia nigra. The size and threshold of the motor map in naïve and skilled reach trained DA-depleted rats were preserved. In addition, there was an increase in distal limb representation in the caudal forelimb area (CFA) in the DA-depleted rats suggesting a possible plastic response to the behavioral effects of DA-depletion. The presence of preserved size and modified map organization in DA-depleted rats is discussed in relation to the hypothesis that preserved motor cortex functionality despite DA loss underlies the spared motor abilities of DA-depleted rats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)126-135
Number of pages10
JournalBrain Research
Volume1026
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 5 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 6-Hydroxydopamine
  • Cortical plasticity
  • Intracortical microstimulation
  • Movement
  • Rat model
  • Rotation
  • Skilled reaching

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

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