Preschool children with and without developmental delay: Risk, parenting, and child demandingness

Mallory A. Brown, Laura Lee McIntyre, Keith Crnic, Bruce L. Baker, Jan Blacher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


Although past literature has established relations between early child risk factors, negative parenting, and problematic child behavior, the nature of these interrelations and pathways of influence over time remains largely unknown, especially in children with developmental delays or disabilities. In the current study, data were drawn from the longitudinal Collaborative Family Study and included a sample of 260 families with preschool children with and without developmental delays. Child-related risk was assessed at child age 36 months, maternal intrusiveness and negative affect at 48 months, and child demandingness at 60 months. Results indicated significant relations between early risk, negative parenting, and subsequent child demandingness. Sickliness as an infant was the most salient predictive risk factor of later child demandingness. Developmental delay was the most significant predictor of subsequent negative parenting. Results are discussed as being more indicative of additive rather than mediational processes given that early child risk and negative maternal parenting both contributed uniquely to the subsequent development of child demandingness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)206-226
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2011


  • Behavior problems
  • Child risk
  • Developmental delay
  • Parenting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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