Preliminary observations from the use of US‐Soviet Joint Seismic Program data to model upper mantle triplications beneath Asia

E. J. Garnero, D. V. Helmberger, L. J. Burdick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations


New short‐period waveform data from the US‐Soviet Joint Seismic Program (JSP) make possible investigations of Asian upper mantle structure. the goal of this paper is to explore the potential use of the newly available JSP data to gain a qualitative view of upper mantle structure beneath Asia, and to facilitate more detailed future detailed future upper mantle studies. In a reconnaissance approach, waveform upper mantle studies. In a reconnaissance approach, waveform predictions from upper mantle P‐wave velocity models of previous studies are compared to the JSP data to investigate regional differences in the central Asian upper mantle. Data coverage brackets the upper mantle triplications with excellent multi‐source‐to‐stations sections. the abundance of data for controlled source‐receiver geometries and the impulsive nature of the arrivals enable us to stack seismograms to improve signal‐to‐noise ratio. Arrivals from the 400 and 670 km discontinuities are apparent in the data and are compared to predictions of the mantle models. the principal result is that, for the regions studied, paths through cratonic regions of Asia are compatible with shield‐type models, while paths through highly deformed regions of Asia are compatible with models derived for tectonically active regions, suggesting large lateral variations beneath the Eurasian continent. Use of the JSP data in a comparative approach is fast and simple, and proves effective in obtaining a first‐order understanding of the Asian upper mantle. This result also presents the potential for qualitative studies elsewhere with digital portable stations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)252-259
Number of pages8
JournalGeophysical Journal International
Issue number1
StatePublished - Apr 1993



  • stacking
  • synthetic seismograms
  • triplications.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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