Predisaster trait anxiety and negative affect predict posttraumatic stress in youths after Hurricane Katrina

Carl F. Weems, Armando Pina, Natalie M. Costa, Sarah E. Watts, Leslie K. Taylor, Melinda F. Cannon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

181 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

On the basis of theory and previous research, it was hypothesized that predisaster child trait anxiety would predict disaster-related posttraumatic stress symptoms and generalized anxiety disorder symptoms, even after controlling for the number of hurricane exposure events. Results support this hypothesis and further indicate that predisaster negative affect predicted disaster-related posttraumatic stress symptoms and generalized anxiety disorder symptoms. Also, Katrina-related posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms were predicted by the number of hurricane exposure events and sex (being female). Predisaster generalized anxiety disorder symptoms predicted postdisaster generalized anxiety disorder symptoms, and predisaster trait anxiety predicted postdisaster depressive symptoms. Findings are discussed in terms of their relevance for developing interventions to mitigate the impact of disasters in youths.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)154-159
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Volume75
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2007

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Cyclonic Storms
Anxiety Disorders
Disasters
Anxiety
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Depression
Research

Keywords

  • Children
  • Disasters
  • Generalized anxiety disorder
  • Hurricane Katrina
  • Negative affect
  • Posttraumatic stress
  • Trait anxiety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Predisaster trait anxiety and negative affect predict posttraumatic stress in youths after Hurricane Katrina. / Weems, Carl F.; Pina, Armando; Costa, Natalie M.; Watts, Sarah E.; Taylor, Leslie K.; Cannon, Melinda F.

In: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, Vol. 75, No. 1, 02.2007, p. 154-159.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Weems, Carl F. ; Pina, Armando ; Costa, Natalie M. ; Watts, Sarah E. ; Taylor, Leslie K. ; Cannon, Melinda F. / Predisaster trait anxiety and negative affect predict posttraumatic stress in youths after Hurricane Katrina. In: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 2007 ; Vol. 75, No. 1. pp. 154-159.
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