Predisaster trait anxiety and negative affect predict posttraumatic stress in youths after Hurricane Katrina

Carl F. Weems, Armando Pina, Natalie M. Costa, Sarah E. Watts, Leslie K. Taylor, Melinda F. Cannon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

189 Scopus citations

Abstract

On the basis of theory and previous research, it was hypothesized that predisaster child trait anxiety would predict disaster-related posttraumatic stress symptoms and generalized anxiety disorder symptoms, even after controlling for the number of hurricane exposure events. Results support this hypothesis and further indicate that predisaster negative affect predicted disaster-related posttraumatic stress symptoms and generalized anxiety disorder symptoms. Also, Katrina-related posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms were predicted by the number of hurricane exposure events and sex (being female). Predisaster generalized anxiety disorder symptoms predicted postdisaster generalized anxiety disorder symptoms, and predisaster trait anxiety predicted postdisaster depressive symptoms. Findings are discussed in terms of their relevance for developing interventions to mitigate the impact of disasters in youths.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)154-159
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of consulting and clinical psychology
Volume75
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2007

Keywords

  • Children
  • Disasters
  • Generalized anxiety disorder
  • Hurricane Katrina
  • Negative affect
  • Posttraumatic stress
  • Trait anxiety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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