Predictors of Latent Class Trajectories of Depressive Symptoms in Latina Mothers

Kara B. West, Molly E. Hale, Kathleen M. Roche, Rebecca M.B. White, Cynthia Suveg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Guided by the Family Stress Model (FSM) for minority families, the present study examined culture-specific (i.e., stress responses to anti-immigration actions and news, home–school dissonance) and general (i.e., financial strain, social support) risk and promotive factors as longitudinal predictors of Latina mothers’ depressive symptom trajectories. Participants included 271 Latina mothers of early adolescents living in a new immigrant area in the southeast part of the United States, followed prospectively across four time points spanning 2 years. Mothers reported on their depressive symptoms at all four time points; risk and promotive factorsweremeasured at Time 1 (T1). Latent class growth curve models identified three classes of mothers based on their depressive symptom trajectories. Roughly half of mothers reported low and decreasing symptoms, a third indicated moderate and increasing symptoms, and 10% displayed high and increasing symptoms. As expected, higher levels of stress responses to anti-immigration actions and news, home–school dissonance, and financial strain predicted membership in increasing symptom classes, whereas higher social support predicted membership in the decreasing symptom class. By adapting prevention and intervention efforts to the unique cultural and social contexts experienced by Latina mothers in new immigrant areas, practitioners may be better able to protect this segment of the population from experiencing depressive symptoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)545-554
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Family Psychology
Volume36
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 13 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Depressive symptoms
  • Latina mothers
  • Risk and promotive factors
  • Trajectories

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Predictors of Latent Class Trajectories of Depressive Symptoms in Latina Mothers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this